Min­istry of Jus­tice Al­lows Vir­tu­al Me­di­a­tion.

Ministry of Justice Allows Virtual Mediation.

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Dur­ing the last cou­ple of weeks the Min­istry of Jus­tice and the Min­istry of La­bor have set up the gen­er­al frame­work to start or con­tin­ue me­di­a­tions –in civ­il or com­mer­cial is­sues- and con­cil­i­a­tions –in com­plaints re­lat­ed to la­bor law. 

Re­gard­ing Me­di­a­tion, res­o­lu­tion Nº 121/2020 of the Min­istry of Jus­tice al­lows the me­di­a­tor to meet par­ties –both joint­ly or sep­a­rate­ly- by video­con­fer­ence. These vir­tu­al meet­ings can be con­tin­ued by email or tele­phone. The res­o­lu­tion es­tab­lish­es two fun­da­men­tal re­quire­ments that pro­tect the na­ture of me­di­a­tions: both par­ties must have ac­cess to the tech­no­log­i­cal re­sources need­ed to par­tic­i­pate and all prin­ci­ples of this form of dis­pute res­o­lu­tion should be en­forced. Among this, we stress the prin­ci­ple of con­fi­den­tial­i­ty, that bans the pos­si­bil­i­ty of record­ing the meet­ings.

With or with­out a set­tle­ment of the dis­pute, the par­ties need to have a reg­is­tered dig­i­tal sig­na­ture to fin­ish the pro­ce­dure. If one of them doesn´t have one, the me­di­a­tor will be able to is­sue a per­mit for par­ties to meet in per­son and sign the set­tle­ment or the cer­tifi­cate that proofs the clo­sure of the pro­ce­dure, de­spite the ban on cir­cu­la­tion de­creed by Gov­ern­ment. 

Mean­while, vir­tu­al la­bor con­cil­i­a­tions need to be reg­u­lat­ed by the Na­tion­al Ser­vice of Manda­to­ry La­bor Con­cil­i­a­tion (SE­CLO). For the time be­ing, the La­bor Min­istry is­sued Res­o­lu­tion Nº 344/2020, es­tab­lish­ing that meet­ing should be cel­e­brat­ed us­ing plat­forms sanc­tioned by the Min­istry or by oth­er elec­tron­i­cal means that guar­an­tee due process. Pre­vi­ous­ly, par­ties should be asked about their tech­no­log­i­cal re­sources and pos­si­bil­i­ties.

Both res­o­lu­tions in­cor­po­rate video­con­fer­ences to me­di­a­tions and con­cil­i­a­tions ex­clu­sive­ly in the Au­tonomous City of Buenos Aires (CA­BA), and just for the du­ra­tion of the san­i­tary emer­gency and the iso­la­tion and so­cial dis­tanc­ing mea­sures. How­ev­er, a pos­i­tive feed­back from the dif­fer­ent stake­hold­ers could be the first step to­wards the im­ple­men­ta­tion of these tech­nolo­gies to me­di­a­tions and con­cil­i­a­tions af­ter re­turn­ing to nor­mal­i­ty.

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Angela works closely with Team Lerman & Szlak, specializing in online intellectual property research and content.

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